Semiconductors & Photovoltaics

Semiconductors & Photovoltaics

Structured substrates are widely employed in semiconductor and photovoltaics research and development. The high demands on device quality and reliability make it increasingly important to have a detailed knowledge of the inherent strain and crystalline properties of such device structures. The WITec imaging techniques provide the opportunity to analyze the samples comprehensively regarding their chemical and physical characteristics.

WITec imaging systems provide a wide range of imaging techniques which can be flexibly combined in one microscope to significantly increase the insight provided by measurement results. Confocal Raman imaging provides chemical information, AFM detects topography, structure, and physical properties such as stiffness, adhesion, etc. of the sample’s surface, and SNOM high-resolution measurements can optically reach beyond the diffraction limit. All WITec instrument configurations can be upgraded at any point to adapt the system to new or extended requirements.

Application Examples

WITec Raman SEM GaAs

RISE Microscopy (Raman-SEM) of a LT GaAs sample. The Raman image is overlayed on the SEM image. Raman image: Yellow: Gold substrate; Red: GaAs. 50 x 50 µm², 300 x 300 pixels = 90,000 spectra, 34 ms integration time per spectrum.

WITec Raman StressMap Si Laser drilled hole Si solar cell

Stress map in Si around a laser-drilled hole on a Si solar cell device.

WITec Raman SEM RISE Semiconductor

Raman-SEM image of structures in a GaN layer. Top: SEM image; Middle: confocal Raman image in x-y-direction; Bottom: 3D confocal Raman image.

WITec AFM integrated circuit

AFM image of an integrated circuit.

WITec Raman AFM wafer

Raman and AFM images of the same sample area at three different positions on a wafer.

Imaging Systems for Semiconductor & Photovoltaics Research


  • Application Note GroupIIINitrides and 3DRaman

    Open PDF
    (653 KB)
  • Application Note Time Resolved PL Measurements

    Open PDF
    (505 KB)
  • Application Note Solar Cells

    Open PDF
    (610 KB)
Go to literature area


Please fill in all data fields to ensure we can process your inquiry as quickly as possible.

Privacy Protection Statement:
WITec respects privacy of any personal information provided by visitors of our site. The personal information we collect from you within this contact form, will only be used to respond to your submitted query.